Salvador forms the heart of the During his second voyage for Portugal, the Italian explorer Amerigo Vespucci sighted the bay on All Saints' Day (November 1) 1502 and, in honor of the date and his parish church in Florence, he named it the Bay of the Holy Savior of All the Saints.
and, in 1534, Francisco Pereira Coutinho, the first captain of Bahia, established the settlement of Pereira in modern Salvador's Ladeira da Barra neighborhood.
The census revealed the following self-identification: 1,382,543 persons identify as Pardo (Multiracial) (51.7%); 743,718 as Black (27.8%); 505,645 as White (18.9%); 35,785 as Asian (1.3%); and 7,563 as Amerindian(0.3%).
Salvador's population is the result of 500 years of miscegenation.
Porto da Barra Beach in Barra has been named one of the best beaches in the world.
Itaipava Arena Fonte Nova was the site of the city's games during the 2014 Brazilian World Cup.
The city is noted for its cuisine, music, and architecture.Founded by the Portuguese in 1549 as the first capital of Brazil, Salvador is one of the oldest colonial cities in the Americas.A sharp escarpment divides its Lower Town (, Brazil's first elevator, has connected the two since 1873.Mistreatment of the Tupinambá by the settlers caused them to turn hostile and the Portuguese were forced to flee to Porto Seguro c.The upper city formed the administrative, religious, and primary residential districts while the lower city was the commercial center, with a port and market.